A solderless breadboard with two 8-pin dip chips, 4 diodes, 4 capacitors, 6 resistors, and multiple wires to create an ECG circuit.  Additionally there are several probes attached to the circuit to connect inputs and measure outputs.
ECG circuit on a solderless breadboard.

After converting all of the lab experiments in a Biomedical Instrumentation Laboratory (BIOE415) to a kit with an online option, I shared my process for ensuring that students still achieved the important learning objectives.  This paper was presented at the 2021 IEEE Frontiers in Education conference.  The full paper is available on IEEEXplore.


Many laboratories were converted to an online format to support students unable to attend instructional laboratories in person during the COVID-19 pandemic. During conversion of a biomedical instrumentation laboratory at a large public research university, our goal was to maintain the lab learning objectives and as much interaction with physical circuits and equipment as possible for students participating either at home or in the traditional on-campus laboratory space. This innovative practice work-in-progress paper describes the process used to convert each laboratory experiment and observations of instructional staff throughout the spring 2021 semester.


R. M. Reck, "Converting a Biomedical Instrumentation Lab From In-Person to Online," 2021 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE), Lincoln, NE, USA, 2021, pp. 1-4, doi: 10.1109/FIE49875.2021.9637336